Lab Reports

What is a CBD Certificate of Analysis (COA)?

A COA, or Certificate of Analysis, is a lab report from an accredited laboratory that shows the quantity of various substances that are in a product. According to state law and various other industry-wide regulations, the ideal COA should contain:

  • Cannabinoid Potency
The cannabinoid profile is the main purity and potency test. It measures the active cannabinoids in that sample. The two primary cannabinoids of concern are THC (levels must be below 0.3%) and CBD.
    • Terpenes
    Created by the plant’s trichomes, terpenes provide a unique aroma to the plant and may improve the therapeutic efficacy of the extract. 
      • Pesticides
      This test shows how pure or contaminated the hemp extract is.
        • Heavy Metals
        All products must be compliant to Prop 65, which measures active levels of heavy metals in consumable products.
          • Residual Solvents
          Very important test to ensure the safety and quality of a product. Solvents may occur during extraction and as a result, may show up in large quantities for the finished product.

            How to Read CBD Lab Reports

            When looking at a CBD product, the three most important factors to look at on a test is:

            1. THC content needs to be less than 0.3%
            2. Total CBD should be close to the advertised amount
            3. Finished product is free of contaminants

            Ideal CBD Lab Report 

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