Americans are discovering CBD for the first time and are falling in love with its wide range of all-natural benefits. Everyday, new people are experimenting with cannabidiol for the first time and discovering the wonders of the body's natural Endocannabinoid System.
With a massive array of CBD products available, many in our community are left wondering what the most effective method could be. Different delivery methods change how the CBD is absorbed and have different lengths of onset and duration times. The questions remain though, should you eat CBD? What about dropping it under the tongue or rubbing it on your skin?
The truth is, how you take the CBD largely depends on YOU and what you are trying to get out of it. What benefits are you looking to experience? Those looking for a solution to manage a discomfort may well prefer a different delivery method versus another using the CBD to promote general wellness. Here is a breakdown of the pro's and con's of the three most popular forms of CBD: Tinctures, Gummies, and Topicals. We'll also explain what the most efficient method is as well.
CBD, or cannabidiol, is an extract found most commonly in both hemp and cannabis plants. As of the 2018 Farm Bill, industrial hemp that contains less than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis was removed as a Schedule I drug by the DEA; making CBD products legal to manufacture, distribute, and consume.
Products that are extracted from hemp, such as CBD, other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids can be turned into a variety of bases - namely, CBD oil. There are pure CBD isolates that appear in powder form, but we'll be looking at the most efficient ways to take Full Spectrum CBD oil for the most part of this guide today.
There are three main types of CBD products; and between Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolates, each aims to achieve the same thing, though they're not equal in terms of how the oil is extracted.
Full Spectrum CBD relies on using the entire plant (stalk, leaves, and flower) to extract its necessary cannabinoids. Full Spectrum includes the entirety of the molecular structure, therefore retaining all cannabinoids and plant matter, including THC.
If you were to compare Full Spectrum to say, an orange, the orange's skin would constitute the plant matter and the white rind part that separates the skin from the rest of the fruit would be the THC.
Broad Spectrum CBD also relies on using the entire plant to extract its necessary cannabinoids. What differs between this and Full Spectrum is that during the extraction process, the molecular structure of the plant is altered slightly to remove certain cannabinoids, such as THC.
If you were to compare Broad Spectrum to say, a glass of orange juice, the juice was derived from the orange fruit - but the composition of that orange was altered as the skin and rind was not included in the finished product.
CBD Isolates rely on solely CBD upon extraction. Whether you use the full plant or not is not the goal as all other matter is effectively removed. What you are left with is the full concentrated amount of CBD and only CBD.
CBD Isolates would most likely associate itself with that of a Vitamin C tablet. Derived from an orange, but stripped of any defining characteristics. While Vitamin C itself can provide value to overall wellness, it would never come close to its efficacy as drinking a glass of orange juice, or better yet, eating an orange fruit.
Many believe a Full Spectrum CBD formula works best, as all cannabinoids and plant matter is retained upon the initial extraction.
A Full Spectrum, as the name suggests, uses the entire plant. We convert the biomass, which is simply the cultivated hemp ground down to a coarse powder, through a Super-critical CO2 extraction process. The result is a raw, crude CBD oil. Once we have the raw, crude CBD oil on-hand, we winterize our oil to -85C which helps to isolate unwanted plant matter, lipids, and wax that would otherwise throw off the purity of the CBD product. After the winterization process, we apply a state-of-the-art chromatography process that effectively filters out the THC, resulting in a refined, potent, and pure CBD oil.
Again, referencing an orange, this is the equivalent to taking an orange fruit and peeling its skin. It's nearly impossible to remove all of the rind from the fruit, so while there will still be some degree of unwanted matter in the final product, the levels are low enough to not react with our bodies, but not completely removed as to destroy the molecular structure that would make a product a Full Spectrum CBD product.
By far, the most common and possibly the most effective method of taking CBD oil is to take your preferred serving under the tongue. This is called Sublingual Consumption, where you apply the oil under the tongue for 60 to 90 seconds before swallowing. Sublingual Consumption allows the CBD to be absorbed directly into the blood stream instead of having to metabolize it and pass through multiple systems before its effects are experienced.
If you are okay with waiting longer, other types of CBD oil can be consumed. Between our Gummes and Topicals, each offer their own unique way of CBD consumption, each varying with different onset and duration times to satisfy a particular need or lifestyle.
What if holding a bottle of liquid is too much to carry around? What if taking a suspect looking liquid under the tongue puts you in an awkward position at work or some other conservative activity around people? Look no further than by finding your relief in the form of CBD Gummies!
What if discomfort was experienced on a particular part on your body? Maybe after an intense sports game, sore muscles, joints, or even skin irritation began to take its toll on your overall comfort? CBD Topicals aim to relieve localized discomfort. The magic happens as our skin absorbs lotions, salves, creams, and balms normally for general wellness. Adding CBD into the equation only compounds the total benefit as most topical products achieve some degree of moisturization, CBD factors in a therapeutic aspect as well, thanks to its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
By-and-large, however, CBD Tinctures are the most effective because of convenience. It takes less than 10 seconds to open the bottle and drop some liquid under your tongue. Once swallowed, its effects come on within a matter of minutes and its effects last for a number of hours. Who can argue against this?
While CBD Tinctures, Topicals and Gummies all aim to achieve the same thing, its characteristics are different; and this is due to something called bioavailability. Bioavailability is defined as the process in which our bodies take in new compounds and distribute its contents across the bloodstream before being filtered out as waste.
Typically, CBD itself is a hydrophobic compound, meaning, it does not react well to water; and our bodies are largely comprised of water. To increase the bioavailability, the CBD must be bound to a carrier liquid or a multitude of it. Whether these carrier liquids are MCT oil, coconut oil, or even ActivAloe, the allowance of CBD to bind with these fat-based oils increase the rate in our bodies can take in the CBD and have it stay in there for a longer duration before it is filtered out.
Regarding the CBD bioavailability by product type, the breakdown is as follows:
Given the bioavailability of each product type, the lines can be drawn on the different characteristics. For example, CBD Gummies differ from CBD Tinctures because of its relatively low bioavailability. This low percentage is caused by the loss of nutrients upon digestion. When you eat or drink anything, the material must first pass through the stomach where enzymes strip some of the matter away, then pass through the intestines where more is lost before finally passing through the liver where the remainder is broken down and distributed throughout the blood stream.
At the same time, however, despite the loss in bioavailability, a compound like CBD that passes through 2 systems before it is distributed allows for a more potent effect that stays in your system for a longer period of time.
As we've mentioned, the type of CBD product you use will determine how long it takes for the cannabidiol to take effect; and given the bioavailabilities of each type, you can expect different onset and duration times for each.
In conclusion, we still can't help but to recommend Sublingual Consumption as the most effective method to taking CBD oil. Fast-acting and powerful, it's a potent way to get your daily serving of cannabidiol without having to feel the psychoactive effects from THC or waste your time with a large serving.
Overall, Tinctures are the most cost-effective way to incorporate CBD into your daily wellness routine; with the highest bioavailability, low onset time, and average longevity of its effects, you absorb the most cannabidiol possible instead of wasting product. The great thing about Envy CBD products, particularly that of our CBD Tinctures is they are flavored, making the entire journey to wellness enjoyable at the very least. Good luck!
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